The smaller the Spitz breeds have got a tendency to yap (a sharp, shrill bark), as do numerous terriers and guarding breeds. Keep in mind that any kind of dog will certainly bark to sound an alarm to its pack (human or animal), or to alert just what it thinks as a threat. With training, dogs can certainly be trained not to bark when inappropriate or for extended periods, and this is something all dog owners really should do.

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The Basenji is usually the only breed of domestic dog that does not bark in the accepted sense. However, this particular may not necessarily imply that it is quiet – in fact, it may end up being quite the opposite. Instead of barking, it tends to make a perculiar sound called ‘yodelling’, together with a repertoire of other distinctive sounds such as chortling, crowing, wolf-like howling and leopard-like growling, ‘burrs’ as well as ‘roos’.

** Choosing Dogs **

Hackney action indicates high-stepping using the forefeet. The dog elevates them high above the ground in a activity similar to that of a Hackney pony. Breeds that relate this course of action include the Italian Greyhound, Saluki, Japanese Chin and Miniature Pinscher.

If you have a dog that does not normally have a high-stepping action and all of a sudden begins to show this, consult your vet. This course of action is usually a symptom of dermatomyositis, a hereditary skin/muscle inflammatory illness which most frequently has an effect on Shetland Sheepdogs, Collies as well as their crosses.

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Hairless dog and allergy sufferers

If you love dogs but are allergic to them, will keeping a hairless dog work?

Unfortunately, the answer is a no. While dog hair is undoubtedly a factor in causing respiratory irritation in those people who are sensitive to contaminated air, getting a pet without hair won’t resolve the problem entirely. The reason for this is that it is actually an allergen that is present in a dog’s saliva and urine, along with the microscopic dander or skin flakes that causes problems for allergy sufferers. The culprit is no the dog’s hair.

** Allergic to Dogs **


Corded coats are not easy to maintain. The Hungarian Puli’s cords are formed from the soft woolly undercoat intermingling with the coarse top coat. This begins to happen at around 6-9 months of age, when the adult coat starts to come through. At this stage, tufts begin to form close to the skin as the coats start to entwine, gradually lengthening into cords. From now on, and for the next 12 months or so,m it is important not to let the forming cords mat together, otherwise the coat becomes a mass of ‘felt’, so separate them by gently teasing apart.

** Dog coat **

How to groom a corded-coat dog breed?

There are a number of grooming points to note. The inside of the ears must be kept clear of hair, while the outside growth of cords must be kept separated very gently so as not to tear the delicate skin. The tail also requires much attention so that it does not felt, while hair between the paw pads must be kept trimmed short to prevent it felting and causing discomfort.

The length of the coat will require trimming as necessary. It should never be brushed, but any debris collected during exercise must be removed carefully by hand so as not to disturb the cords. Regular bathing is necessary to keep the skin and coat clean and the cords firm. Drying can take days. The Hungarian Puli and the Komondor are the only breeds with this sort of coat.

** Dogs Grooming **

Quite often, the country of origin is in the name of the breed. For examples, the Portuguese Water Dog, German Shepherd Dog and Chinese Crested Dog. However, in other breeds the country of origin is not so obvious – for instance, in the case of the Great Dane, which comes from Germany, not Denmark. Spitz breeds originated in the Arctic Circle. Some of these dogs were taken to other countries, where they were developed into the various breeds we know today, such as the Japanese Spitz.

A selection of dog breeds whose country of origin is not apparent are listed below:

Bichon Frise (Tenerife)
Schipperke (Belgium)
Komondor (Hungary)
Rough Collie (Scotland)
Clumber Spaniel (France)
English Cocker Spaniel (Spain)
Labrador Retriever (Newfoundland)
American Cocker Spaniel (Spain)
Poodle (Germany)
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (Japan)
Papillon (Spain)
Afghan Hound (Iran)

** About Dogs **

Buying a dog that win show prizes

To be certain of prizes, you will have to purchase a dog or puppy that is already a winner in the ring. Be prepared to pay a lot of money for the privilege.

The alternative is to buy a show-quality youngster from a breeder who successfully exhibits and breeds winners. If maturity fulfills the early potential, then the dog could do well provided it is correctly handled, trained and ‘produced’ for the show ring. You could hire a professional show producer and handler to exhibit your dog for you, which can help enhance your chances in the ring, but of course the dog must be of show standard.

** Dog Breeds **

There is no good reason for these mutilations – they are done simply to achieve a certain look. Cropped-eared breeds in the countries that allow it include the Great Dane, Miniature Pinscher, Griffon Bruxellois (Brussels Griffon), Schnauzer, Boxer and Boston Terrier, while docked breeds include the Rottweiler, Old English Sheepdog and Poodle.

These days, however, thankfully people are shying away from such mutilations (which should only be carried out by a veterinary surgeon, although many now refuse to carry out ‘crops and docks’), so an increasing number of traditional cropped/docked breeds are remaining as nature intended. Various countries have different views and laws regarding cropping and docking, so check the latest legislation in the relevant country.

** Dog Breeds **

Dog exercise falls into two categories, mental and physical. The amount of each that a dog needs usually boils down to the job the breed was originally developed to do. Dogs bred to herd or hunt generally feel the need to be on the go much of the time, while those whose lives were not as constantly active tend to need less mental and physical stimulation.

Conformation also figures in the equation. Athletic, lean dogs featuring a medium-size (mesocephalic) skull are livelier than heavy, squat, short-legged dogs with short, broad (brachycephalic) skulls.

Exceptions to the rules tend to be the ‘sprinters’. Because these race dogs are of lean build their bodies carry hardly any nutritional reserves, so once they’ve exhausted these in a brief but speedy burst of activity they slow down. Until they have rested and eaten in order to build up enough energy, they aren’t in a hurry to be on the go again.

** Dog Exercises **