Choosing Mating Partners for Dogs
THE STUD DOG
Stud dogs are always selected from the best. This may mean nothing more
than being currently the most fashionable, but to be among the fashionable
always means that the dog has sufficient merit, either as a working dog or
as a show dog, to have attracted widespread attention.
It would be unusual for someone's pet dog to become a stud dog, but if a
number of fellow enthusiasts ask if they can use your dog, take advice
from someone you trust in the breed. Handling mating is a skilled job. If
you want to learn, become an apprentice to an expert.
The better, or more fashionable, the stud dog, the higher will be the fee
payable for his services. As a guide, the stud fee is likely to be
somewhat lower than the price you might expect to get for a puppy. Special
arrangements such as "pick of litter" are by no means uncommon. This means
the stud dog owner has the right to pick whichever he or she regards as
the best puppy from the litter, either in lieu of the fee, or as a
consideration for a reduced fee.
However, it is not necessary or even desirable to go to the most
fashionable stud dog for your bitch's mating. An experienced breeder will
advise on which dog to choose, using the physical appearance and pedigree
of your bitch and the available dogs as a guide. Some breeders take more
notice of pedigree, others of conformation. Learn about the breed, and
decide how close to your ideal each breeder's stock is.
PEDIGREES AND CHAMPIONS
The Kennel Club has the sole responsibility
for registration of pedigree dogs in Great Britain. National clubs have
the same responsibility in their own countries throughout the world. The
American Kennel Club, although not the only registration authority in the
United States, reciprocates its registrations with the Kennel Club and the
Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI), to which the Australian
Kennel Control is federated.
Most Kennel Clubs have reciprocal arrangements, and dogs registered in one
country can be re-registered in another if the dog is imported. Official
pedigrees are derived from the registration particulars of all purebred
dogs that are themselves registered with the Kennel Club. Unless a dog is
itself registered, its offspring cannot in turn be registered, except in
certain special circumstances. Pedigree records are held for at least four
generations, although some breeders will be able to show you much longer
ones than that.
Different countries have different criteria for awarding the title of
Champion. In the United Kingdom the title is awarded to show dogs and
working dogs. Some aspire to, and some achieve, both titles.
To become a Champion in the United Kingdom a show dog must have been
awarded three Challenge Certificates under different judges, with at least
one of the certificates being awarded after the dog has reached the age of
twelve months. Challenge Certificates are awarded to the best dog and
bitch in each breed at specified Championship Shows. The term Challenge
Certificate derives from the fact that the judge may invite any or all
unbeaten dogs from earlier classes to challenge the winner of the open
class for the certificate.
The Australian system is identical to that of the United Kingdom, but in
the US Championships are gained under a points system with points awarded
in different fields: breed, obedience, field and herding.
The qualifications for Champions in working dogs take account of the dog's
success in the working trials.
Back to Dogs